Is there ‘Too Much Balance’ in the International Prize for Arabic Fiction? Where Authors Are from, Year by Year

CORRECTION: The 2008 longlist is not on the International Prize for Arabic Fiction website (English, Arabic) and was, I’m told, sent to journalists after the shortlist was released in 2008.

However, a journalist-novelist has now sent along a copy of the 2008 longlist, which includes books by Wajdi al-Ahdal (Yemeni); Elias Khoury (Lebanese); Yasser Abdel Hafez (Egyptian); Alawiya Sobh (Lebanese); Saad al-Qirsh (Egyptian); Ibrahim al-Koni (Libyan); Ibrahim Abdelmeguid (Egyptian); Abdulaziz Al Farsi (Omani); Mohamed al-Fakharany (Egyptian) and Abdel Jabbar Adwan (Palestinian).

This means there has been an Omani novelist longlisted for the prize, which has been translated to English by Nancy Roberts as Earth Weeps, Saturn Laughs. Also, how Elias Khoury’s As Though She Were Sleeping failed to advance to the shortlist will remain a mystery for the ages. All the rest will be updated below.

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One of the most common criticisms of the International Prize for Arabic Fiction (IPAF) — which launched its first prize in 2008 and has become the most well-known Arabic literary award — is that it seems to have “too much regional balance”:

The prize’s “diversity” is something often stressed in longlist press releases, sometimes ahead of the innovations and aesthetics of the novels. However, this doesn’t hold for all forms of diversity. The single year when there was something approaching gender parity, there was a strong backlash against what many suggested was a forced gender balance.

The other thing many were quick to observe about the 2018 longlist was the number of authors who had appeared on previous IPAF lists: eight of the sixteen. Sudanese writer Amir Tag Elsir, for instance, has been on four of the eleven longlists.

In part, this is the way the prize is built: Because of the way the prize is structured, authors who made previous longlists get an automatic nomination. But it is also not a blind prize: Judges know whose books they are reading. Although I don’t currently have statistics on debut novelists longlisted for the prize — this year, there were two — they are certainly a minority.

The information below — for all countries where Arabic is an official language, at least according to Wikipedia — is meant as deep background for research and writing, not as a statement on any of the authors’ works, unless such a statement is made explicit.

An asterisk by the author’s name means they were that year’s winner.

Where there are errors or omissions, I apologize.

Algeria

2008: (0)

2009: (0)

2010: (1)  Samir Kacimi

2011: (1)  Waciny Laredj

2012: (1)  Bachir Mefti

2013: (2)  Waciny Laredj & Amin Zaoui

2014: (1)  Waciny Laredj

2015: (0)

2016: (0)

2017: (0)

2018: (1) Amin Zaoui

Although there are seven appearances by Algerian-penned novels, there are only four separate novelists. Waciny Laredj appears three times, and Amin Zaoui twice. No Algerian woman writer has ever been longlisted for the prize; ArabLit correspondent Nadia Ghanem suggests Djamila Morani should have been on this year’s list.

Ghanem added on twitter: “I can guarantee that none of today’s great novels by Algerian writers will appear on IPAF’s lists with a rule like ‘novels which have been published via a commercial arrangement through which the publisher is paid by the author are not eligible.'”

Bahrain

A novel by a Bahraini author has never appeared on an International Prize for Arabic Fiction longlist. IPAF organizers list no submissions from Bahrain in 2018. However, Bahraini authors have taken part in IPAF nadwas and Bahraini writer Munira Al-Fadhel judged the prize in 2011, while Bahraini poet Parween Habib judged the prize in 2015.

Chad

A novel by a Chadian author has never appeared on an International Prize for Arabic Fiction longlist. IPAF organizers list no submissions from Chad in 2018. 

Comoros

A novel by an author from the Comoros has never appeared on an International Prize for Arabic Fiction longlist. IPAF organizers list no submissions from the Comoros in 2018.

Djibouti

A novel by an author from Djibouti has never appeared on an International Prize for Arabic Fiction longlist. IPAF organizers list no submissions from Djibouti authors in 2018. 

Egypt

2008: (5)  Mekkawi Said & Bahaa Taher* & Yasser Abdel Hafez  & Saad al-Qirsh & Ibrahim Abdelmeguid & Mohamed al-Fakharany

2009: (3) Ezzedine Choukri Fishere & Youssef Ziedan* & Mohamed El-Bisatie

2010: (2)  Mansoura Ezz Eldin & Mohamed Mansi Qandil

2011: (3) Khairy Shalaby & Miral Tahawy & Khaled al-Berry

2012: (3) Youssef Ziedan & Mohamed al-Refai & Ezzedine Choukri Fishere

2013: (3) Mohammed Abdel Nabi & Ashraf El-Ashmawi & Ibrahim Issa

2014: (3) Ashraf al-Khamaisi & Ibrahim Abdelmeguid & Ahmed Mourad

2015: (3) Ashraf al-Khamaisi & Hisham al-Khashin & Muna al-Sheemi

2016: (3) Ibrahim Farghali & Mohamed Mansi Qandil & Mohamed Rabie

2017: (2) Youssef Rakha & Mohammed Abdel Nabi

2018: (2) Ahmed Abdel Latif & Rasha Adly

Egypt has by far the most longlisted authors, although also sends in by far the most submissions—this year, 27% of the submissions were from Egypt. Although still male dominated (4/33), and with a number of writers appearing twice (six), there are a variety of names.

Eritrea

A novel by an author from Eritrea has never appeared on an International Prize for Arabic Fiction longlist.

Iraq

2008: (0)

2009: (2) Ali Bader & Inaam Kachachi

2010: (2) Ali Bader & Muhsin al-Ramli

2011: (0)

2012: (2) Hawra al-Nadawi & Nasser Iraq

2013: (2) Muhsin al-Ramli & Sinan Antoon

2014: (3) Ahmed Saadawi* & Abdel Khaliq Al Rikabi & Inaam Kachachi

2015: (1) Hadia Hussein

2016: (2) Janan Jasim Halawi & Hazim Kamaledin

2017: (4) Sinan Antoon & Ali Ghadeer & Zuheir al-Hiti & Saad Mohammed Raheem

2018: (1) Shahad Al Rawi

There are more female shortlistees from Iraq (five of 19) than from Egypt. Four authors appear more than once (Ali Bader, Inaam Kachachi, Muhsin al-Ramli, Sinan Antoon).

Israel

A novel by an author from Israel has never appeared on an International Prize for Arabic Fiction longlist. (Palestinian novels are listed under Palestine; this would be for Arabophone authors from, for instance, Iraq.) Neither were any submissions reported in 2018.

Jordan

2008 (1): Elias Farkouh

2009: (0)

2010: (0)

2011: (0)

2012: (0)

2013: (0)

2014: (0)

2015: (0)

2016: (0)

2017: (0)

2018: (1) Amjad Nasser

The numbers from Jordan are misleading, as a number of the Palestinian authors have Jordanian citizenship—such as Ibrahim Nasrallah—yet I listed them as Palestinian, particularly as Nasrallah writes primarily about Palestine and Palestinians.

Kuwait

2008: (0)

2009: (0)

2010: (0)

2011: (0)

2012: (0)

2013: (1) Saud Alsanoussi*

2014: (1) Ismail Fahd Ismail

2015: (1) Abdel Wahab al-Hamadi

2016: (1) Taleb Al-Refai

2017: (1) Ismail Fahd Ismail

2018: (1) Taleb Al-Refai

No Kuwaiti novelist appeared before Alsanousi’s 2013 win, for Bamboo Stalk (translated by Jonathan Wright), and since then Ismail Fahd Ismail and Taleb Al-Refai have both appeared twice, along with one showing by Abdel Wahab al-Hamadi for Don’t Tell Your Nightmare!  

Lebanon 

2008 (2): Jabbour Douaihy & May Menassa & Elias Khoury & Alawiya Sobh

2009 (2): Renée Hayek & Rabee Jaber

2010: (3) Alawiya Sobh & Hassan Daoud & Rabee Jaber

2011: (2) Renée Hayek & Fatin al-Murr

2012: (4) Rashid al-Daif & Charbel Kattan & Rabee Jaber* & Jabbour Douaihy

2013: (4) Hoda Barakat & Rabee Jaber & Elias Khoury & Jana Elhassan

2014: (1) Antoine Douaihy

2015: (3) Antoine Douaihy & Jabbour Douaihy & Jana Elhassan

2016: (2) Ahmed Muhsin & George Yaraq

2017: (2) Renée Hayek & Elias Khoury

2018: (1) Antoine Douaihy

Twenty-eight longlisted novels for little Lebanon, almost as much as Egypt. This year, Lebanon sent in only nine titles, or seven percent of the total. (Ridiculous and unscientific to note that every year there has been only one longlisted book from a Lebanese author, it was written by Antoine Douaihy.)

Jabbour Douaihy’s Printed in Beirut was not submitted to the 2018 prize, although both Douaihy brothers have been on the list three times. Rabee Jaber has seen all four novels he produced since 2008 make the list—with cause—although stunning that his Confessions made only the longlist in 2009.

Other notable repeat longlistees include Renée Hayek; surprising her books have never advanced from the longlist, particularly Year of Radio.

Libya

2008: (1) Ibrahim al-Koni

2009: (1) Ibrahim al-Koni

2010: (0)

2011: (1) Razan Naim al-Maghrabi

2012: (0)

2013: (0)

2014: (0)

2015: (0)

2016: (0)

2017: (1) Najwa Binshatwan

2018: (0)

Just three longlisted novelists from Libya. None of their novels have yet been published in English translation, although it seems likely the compelling Slaves’ Pens, by Binshatwan, will be. 

 

Mauritania

A novel by a Mauritanian author has never appeared on an International Prize for Arabic Fiction longlist, not even, for instance, Mohamed Ould Amin. 2018 was the first year a book by a Mauritanian was longlisted for the Sheikh Zayed Book Award: Ahmad Hafid’s Grapes of Vice. However, IPAF organizers list no submissions from Mauritania in 2018.

Morocco 

2008: (0)

2009: (2) Abdul-Kareem Jouaity & Bensalem Himmich

2010: (0)

2011: (2) Mohammad Achaari* & Bensalem Himmich

2012: (0)

2013: (0)

2014: (3) Ismail Ghazali & Youssef Fadel & Abdelrahim Lahbibi

2015: (2) Mohammed Berrada & Ahmed al-Madeeni

2016: (2) Abdennour Mezzine & Tareq Bakari

2017: (2) Yassin Adnan & Abdul-Kareem Jouaity

Three novels longlisted have been by former Moroccan Ministers of Culture (Bensalem Himmich and Mohammad Achaari, who was co-winner of the 2011 prize). The rundown of Moroccans has been relatively diverse, although no Moroccan woman writer has ever been longlisted for the prize.

As with Lebanon, there were works by nine Moroccan authors submitted for this year’s prize, seven percent of the total submissions.

Oman 

2008: (1)

2009: (0)

2010: (0)

2011: (0)

2012: (0)

2013: (0)

2014: (0)

2015: (0)

2016: (0)

2017: (0)

2018: (0)

CORRECTION: A previous iteration of this article stated that, “A novel by an Omani author has never appeared on an International Prize for Arabic Fiction longlist.” However, on the 2008 longlist — which is not on the prize’s website — Abdulaziz Al Farsi’s Earth Weeps, Saturn Laughs was longlisted.

Three were submitted this year—two percent of the total submissions—and the IPAF organized a “nadwa,” or writing workshop, primarily for Omani authors in 2017. There is certainly effort on the IPAF side to promote Omani authors.

Palestine

2008: (1) Abdel Jabbar Adwan

2009: (2) Yahya Yakhlif & Ibrahim Nasrallah

2010: (4) Mahmoud al-Rimawy & Sahar Khalifeh & Rabai al-Madhoun & Jamal Naji

2011: (0)

2012: (1) Ibrahim Zaarur

2013: (2) Anwar Hamed & Ibrahim Nasrallah

2014: (1) Ibrahim Nasrallah

2015: (1) Atef Abu Saif

2016: (3) Rabai al-Madhoun* & Laila al-Atrash & Mahmoud Shukair

2017: (0)

2018: (4) Ibrahim Nasrallah & Walid Shurafa & Atef Abu Saif & Hussein Yassin

Ibrahim Nasrallah appears three times and Atef Abu Saif twice. Laila al-Atrash and Sahar Khalifef are the only Palestinian women writers with books represented. Khalifeh’s has been translated to English as Of Noble Origins, by Aida Bamia.

Rabai al-Madhoun is the only Palestinian winner. His Lady from Tel Aviv has appeared in Elliott Colla’s translation, and his winning novel, translated as Fractured Destinies, will appear from Hoopoe Fiction later this year. 

Qatar

A novel by a Qatari author has never appeared on an International Prize for Arabic Fiction longlist. IPAF organizers reported no submissions from Qatari writers this year. The prize has had one Qatari judge, Huda al-Naimi, in 2012.

Saudi Arabia

2008: (0)

2009: (0)

2010: (3) Umaima al-Khamis & Abdullah Bin Bakheet & Abdo Khal*

2011: (2) Raja Alem* & Maqbul Moussa al-Alawi

2012: (0)

2013: (1) Mohammed Hasan Alwan

2014: (1) Badriyah El-Bishr

2015: (0)

2016: (0)

2017: (1) Mohammed Hasan Alwan*

2018: (1) Aziz Mohamed

With three winners—including co-winner Raja Alem—Saudi is the winningest country, when it comes to the IPAF, even though they’ve only had nine total longlisted books. Abdo Khal’s Throwing Sparks (2010) is not one of the prize’s most popular or well-received winners. Only Mohammed Hasan Alwan appears more than once.

According to organizers, seven Saudi novels were submitted this year.

Somalia

A novel by a Somali author has never appeared on an International Prize for Arabic Fiction longlist. There were no Somali submissions in 2018, according to organizers.

Sudan

2008: (0)

2009: (0)

2010: (0)

2011: (1) Amir Tag Elsir

2012: (0)

2013: (0)

2014: (1) Amir Tag Elsir

2015: (1) Hammour Ziada

2016: (1) Hamed al-Nazir

2017: (1) Amir Tag Elsir

2018: (2) Amir Tag Elsir & Hamed al-Nazir

Although we see seven appearances by Sudanese novelists, these are from only three separate novelists. None are women.

Six submissions in 2018 came from Sudanese novelists; five percent of the total.

Syria

2008 (1): Khaled Khalifa

2009: (2) Muhammed Abu Maatouk & Fawwaz Haddad

2010: (1) Rosa Yassen Hassan

2011: (3) Ibtisam Ibrahim Teresa & Maha Hassan & Fawwaz Haddad

2012: (1) Fadi Azzam

2013: (0)

2014: (1) Khaled Khalifa

2015: (2) Maha Hassan & Lina Huyan Elhassan

2016: (2) Mahmoud Hasan al-Jasim & Shahla Ujayli

2017: (1) Taissier Khalaf

2018: (2) Dima Wannous & Fadi Azzam

Although Khaled Khalifa appears twice, the absence of his Death is Hard Work, from the 2017 longlist, is one of the prize’s stunners. Seven of the 17 Syrian writers longlisted have been women, the only country that approaches gender parity.

 

Tunisia

2008: (0)

2009: (1) Habib Selmi

2010: (0)

2011: (0)

2012: (1) Habib Selmi

2013: (1) Hussein al-Wad

2014: (0)

2015: (1) Shukri Mabkhout *

2016: (0)

2017: (0)

2018: (0)

Only a handful of Tunisians have made IPAF longlists, and Shukri Mabkhout’s winning novel, The Italian, was not a critical favorite. Habib Selmi is the only among them to have a novel translated into Engish, The Scent of Marie-Claire, a charming novel, although there is some awkwardness to the translation by Fadwa Al Qasem.

UAE

2008: (0)

2009: (0)

2010: (0)

2011: (0)

2012: (0)

2013: (0)

2014: (0)

2015: (0)

2016: (0)

2017: (1) Sultan Al Ameemi

2018: (0)

Although a number of Emirati writers have attended the nadwas over the last several years, only one Emirati novelist has made a longlist. Sultan Al Ameemi’s One Room is Not Enough did not advance off the longlist.

Yemen 

2008: (1) Wajdi al-Ahdal

2009: (1) Ali al-Muqri

2010: (0)

2011: (1) Ali al-Muqri

2012: (0)

2013: (0)

2014: (0)

2015: (1) Habib Abdulrab Sarori

2016: (0)

2017: (0)

2018: (0)

The only two Yemeni novelists to have been longlisted are Ali al-Muqri and Habib Abdulrab Sarori. Both have novels in English translation: Hurma, by al-Muqri, was translated by Thomas Aplin, and Sarori’s longlisted Suslov’s Daughter was translated by Elisabeth Jaquette. According to organizers, only one novel from Yemen was submitted this year.

Contact info@arablit.org with any errors or omissions, or post in the comments below.

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